Dr. Ozcan Saritas

Biography

Research & Development

Professional Practice

Leadership & Consultancy

Knowledge Transfer

Research Professor

Research & Development

Systemic Foresight Methodology

Publications (Selected journal articles)

1. Burmaoglu, S. and Saritas, O. (2013). Changing character of warfare and the future of military R&D, Technovation, Article under first review.

2. Ena, O, Mikova, N., Saritas, O. and Sokolova, A. (2013). A technology trend monitoring methodology: the case of semantic technologies, Technovation, Article under first revision.

3. De Moor, K., Saritas, O., Schuurman, D., Claeys, L., and de Marez, L. (2013). Future TV experiences for/by users: a case study on innovation foresight, Futures, Article in press.

4. Saritas, O. (2013). Emerging technologies in Human Enhancement, (in Russian), ФОРСАЙТ (Russian Foresight journal), 7, 1, 6-13.

5. Cagnin, C., Havas, A. and Saritas, O. (2013). Future-oriented technology analysis: Its potential to address disruptive transformations, Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 80, 3, 379-385.

6. Fikirkoca, A. and Saritas, O. (2012). Foresight for science parks: the case of Ankara University, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 24, 10, 1071-1085.

7. Saritas, O. and Miles, I. (2012). SCAN-4-LIGHT: A Horizon Scanning and Trend Monitoring Project for the Rockefeller Foundation, Foresight, 14, 6, 489-510.

8. Miles, I. and Saritas, O. (2012). The depth of the horizon: Searching, Scanning and Widening Horizons, Foresight, 14, 6, 530-545.

9. Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2012). Ignorance and uncertainty: influences on Future-oriented technology analysis, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 24, 8, 753-767.

10. Saritas, O. and Nugroho, Y. (2012). Mapping issues and envisaging futures: An evolutionary scenario approach, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol. 79, pp. 509-529.

11. Amanatidou, E., Butter, M., Carabias, V., Konnola, T., Leis, M., Saritas, O. Schaper-Rinkel, P. and van Rij, V. (2012). On concepts and methods in horizon scanning: Lessons from initiating policy dialogues on emerging issues, Science and Public Policy, vol. 39, issue 2, pp. 208-221.

12. Saritas, O. and Smith, J. (2011). The Big Picture – Trends, Drivers, Wild Cards, Discontinuities and Weak Signals, Futures, vol. 43, issue 3, pp. 292-312.

13. Smith, J. and Saritas, O. (2011). A Pocket Primer of Comparative and Combined Foresight Methods, Foresight, (S. Gol, guest editor) vol. 13, issue 2, pp. 79-96.

14. Cagnin, C., Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2011). FTA and Equity: New Approaches to Governance, Futures, vol. 43, issue 3, pp. 279-291.

15. Elena, S., Saritas, O., Pook, K. and Warden, C. (2011). Ready for the future? Universities’ capabilities to strategically manage their Intellectual Capital, Foresight, (S. Gol, guest editor) vol. 13, issue 2, pp. 31-48.

16. Saritas, O. and Aylen, J. (2010). Using scenarios for roadmapping: The case of clean production, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol. 77, issue 7, pp. 1061-1075

17. Loveridge, D., Keenan, M. and Saritas, O. (2010). Executive training in foresight: an essay on the Manchester experience: 1999-2009, Journal of Future Studies, vol. 15, issue 1, pp. 145-156.

18. Saritas, O. (2010). Technology’s promise: Expert knowledge on the transformation of business and society (Book Review), Technological Analysis and Strategic Management, vol. 22, issue 1, pp. 113-114.

19. Saritas, O. (2010). Towards a systemic foresight methodology (SFM), Foresight, vol. 12, issue 1, pp.3-4.

20. Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2009). Reducing the Democratic Deficit in Institutional Foresight Programmes: A Case for Critical Systems Thinking in Nanotechnology, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol.76, issue 9, pp. 1208-1221.

21. Nugroho, Y. and Saritas, O. (2009). Incorporating network perspectives in Foresight: A methodological proposal, Foresight, vol.11, no. 6, pp. 21-41.

22. Daim, T., Basoglu, N., Dursun, O., Saritas, O. and Pisek, G. (2009). A comprehensive review of Turkish Technology Foresight project, Foresight, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 21-42.

23. Saritas, O., Cagnin, C., Havas, A. and Miles, I. (2009). Impacts and implications of future-oriented technology analysis for policy and decision making, Technological Analysis and Strategic Management, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 915-917.

24. Saritas, O., Taymaz, E. and Tumer, T. (2007). Vision 2023: Turkish National Technology Foresight Programme – a contextualist analysis and discussion, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol. 74, issue 8, pp. 1374-1393.

25. Oner, M.A. and Saritas, O. (2005). A systems approach to policy analysis – The case of construction sector in the Turkish five-year development plans, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol. 72, issue 7, pp. 886-911.

26. Saritas, O. and Oner, M.A. (2004). Systemic analysis of UK foresight results: Joint application of integrated management model and roadmapping, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol.71, issue1-2, pp. 27-65.

27. Saritas, O. and Keenan, M. (2004). Broken promises and/or techno dreams? The future of health and social services in Europe, Foresight, vol.6, no. 5, pp. 281-291.

28. Keenan, M., Saritas, O. and Kroener, I. (2004). A dying industry – or not? The future of the European textiles and clothing industry, Foresight, vol.6, no. 5, pp. 313-322.

Book Chapters

1. Saritas, O. (2013). Systemic Foresight Methodology, Foresight and Science, Technology and Innovation Policies: Best Practices, A. Sokolov and D. Meissner, eds. Springer Verlag, Berlin, forthcoming.

2. Saritas, O. (2013). The analysis of the UK Technology Foresight from the dialogue, vision and dissemination perspectives in Participation and Interaction in Foresight: Dialogue, Dissemination and Visions, eds, K. Borch, S.M. Dingli, and M.S. Jorgensen, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 201-211.

3. Saritas, O., Pace, L.M. and Stalpers, S. (2013). Stakeholder participation and dialogue in Foresight, in Participation and Interaction in Foresight: Dialogue, Dissemination and Visions, eds, K. Borch, S.M. Dingli, and M.S. Jorgensen, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 35-69.

4. Oner, M.A. and Saritas, O. (2012). Nanotechnology Citizens Conference in Madison – USA, in Democratisation of Science and Technology Development: Deliberative Processes in the Development of Nanotechnologies, eds. P. Strandbakken, G. Scholl, and E. Sto, forthcoming, (16 pages)

5. Saritas, O. (2010). Systemic Foresight Methodology, in The FOR-UNI Blueprint: A Blueprint for Organising Foresight in Universities, A. Curaj (ed.), Executive Agency for Higher Education and Research Funding of Romania, The Publishing House of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest (pp. 21-31).

6. Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2009). Appreciation and anticipation in the evolution of the nano-Field: A case for Systemic Foresight, in Technoscience in Progress: Managing the Uncertainty of Nanotechnology, eds: S. Arnaldi, A. Lorenzet, and F. Russo, IOS Press, Amsterdam, pp. 81-96.

Publications in Conference Proceedings

1. Saritas, O. and Ravetz, J. (2011). Customising Foresight: Application of the Systemic and Synergistic Approaches in a small country context, Research Conference: Foresight and Science, Technology and Innovation Policies: Best Practices, October 12-14, Moscow.

2. Saritas, O. (2011). Systemic Foresight Methodology: Principles and Practice, YIRCoF ’11 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight and Futures, August 24-26, Book of Abstracts, p. 28.

3. Gagliardi, D. Saritas, O., Klochickin, E. (2011). Rethinking Technology Foresight for SMEs: Ways to facilitate predicting the future by a broader community, YIRCoF ’11 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight and Futures, August 24-26, Book of Abstracts, p. 64.

4. Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2011). Combining quantitative and qualitative in FTA: Rediscovery or something new?, FTA ’11 – The 4th International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis, May 12-13. Nominated for the FTA Special Issue in Technological Analysis and Strategic Management.

5. De Moor, K., Saritas, O., Claeys, L and De Marez, L. (2011). Exploring, imagining and creating future TV experiences for/by users: A case study on Innovation Foresight, FTA ’11 – The 4th International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis, May 12-13. Nominated for the FTA Special Issue in Futures.

6. Amanatidou, E., Butter, M., Carabias, V., Konnola, T., Leis, M., Saritas, O. Schaper-Rinkel, P. and van Rij, V. (2011). On concepts and methods in Horizon Scanning: Lessons from initiating policy dialogues on emerging issues, FTA ’11 – The 4th International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis, May 12-13. Nominated for the FTA Special Issue in Science and Public Policy.

7. Hageman, K., Elena-Perez, S., Zubieta, A.F., and Saritas, O. (2011). Current and future state of European universities: Mini scenarios for the internationalisation and openness of European universities, FTA ’11 – The 4th International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis, May 12-13.

8. Saritas, O. (2011). Systemic Foresight Methodology, FTA ’11 – The 4th International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis, May 12-13. Nominated for the FTA Special Issue in Futures.

9. Saritas, O. and Nugroho, Y. (2010). Mapping issues and envisaging futures: An evolutionary scenario approach, The R&D Management Conference 2010, Manchester, June 30 – July 2 (Paper no. 144. Proceedings with full papers due for publication in autumn 2010).

10. De Moor, K., Saritas, O. and Schuurman, D. (2010). Future-oriented user involvement in living labs drawing on innovation foresight, The XXI ISPIM Conference on Dynamics of Innovation, Bilbao, June 6-9, Proceedings of the XXI ISPIM Conference (CD-ROM), K.r.E. Huizingh, S. Conn, M. Torkkeli, and I. Bitran eds. (11 pages).

11. Saritas, O. (2009). Systemic Foresight Methodology for socially responsive nano artifacts, Foresight, Roadmaps and Indicators for Nanoindustry session, Rusnano forum, Moscow, October 07, The Second International Nanotechnology Forum Abstracts, pp.552-553.

12. Fikirkoca, A. and Saritas, O. (2009). Foresight for Science and Technology Parks: The case of Ankara University Technopole, YIRCoF ’09 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight, September 4-6. YIRCoF ’09 Conference Proceedings, S. Gencler ed. pp. 39-40, Istanbul.

13. Saritas, O. (2009). Systemic Foresight Methodology, YIRCoF ’09 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight, September 4-6. YIRCoF ’09 Conference Proceedings, S. Gencler ed. pp. 47-48, Istanbul.

14. Becic, E. and Saritas, O. (2009). Defining the Development Priorities of NUTS2 Regions in Croatia, YIRCoF ’09 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight, September 4-6. YIRCoF ’09 Conference Proceedings, S. Gencler ed. pp. 79-95, Istanbul.

15. De Moor, K. and Saritas, O. (2009). Innovation Foresight for Living Labs, YIRCoF ’09 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight, September 4-6. YIRCoF ’09 Conference Proceedings, S. Gencler ed. pp. 127-141, Istanbul.

16. Nugroho, Y. and Saritas, O. (2009). A Conceptual Model for Integrating Network Analysis in Foresight, YIRCoF ’09 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight, September 4-6. YIRCoF ’09 Conference Proceedings, S. Gencler ed. pp. 153-178, Istanbul.

17. Smith, J.E. and Saritas, O. (2009). S&T Foresight Baker’s Dozen – A Pocket Primer of Comparative and Combined Foresight Methods, YIRCoF ’09 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight, September 4-6. YIRCoF ’09 Conference Proceedings, S. Gencler ed. pp. 243-266, Istanbul (2 citations).

18. Pook, K., Saritas, O., Elena, S. and Warden, C. (2009). Ready for the future: Universities’ Capabilities to Strategically Manage Intangibles, YIRCoF ’09 – Yeditepe International Research Conference on Foresight, September 4-6, Istanbul.

19. Elena, S., Pook, K., Warden, C. and Saritas, O. (2009). Visualising the hidden value of Higher Education Institutions, MSKE – Managing Services in the Knowledge Economy Conference 2009, Lisbon, July 15-17. MSKE Conference Proceedings, R. Silva and E. Tome eds. pp. 141-154, Vila Nova de Famalicão.

20. Warden, C., Saritas, O., Pook, K. Elena, S. and Curaj, A. (2009). Future-proofing HEROs: Moving from Theory to Practice, ECIC – European Conference on Intellectual Capital 2009, Haarlem, April 28-29, Proceedings of ECIC, pp. 524-531, Academic Conferences Limited, Reading.

21. Saritas, O. and Smith J. (2008) Big Picture Trends, Drivers and Discontinuities, The 3rd International Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA): Impacts and implications for policy and decision making, Seville, October 16-17, X. Goenaga, P. Desruelle, T. Konnola, C. Cagnin, K. Haegeman eds. IPTS, Seville, pp.213 (full paper to be published in Futures: FTA Special Issue).

22. Cagnin, C., Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2008). FTA and Equity: New Approaches to Governance, The 3rd International Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA): Impacts and implications for policy and decision making, Seville, October 16-17, X. Goenaga, P. Desruelle, T. Konnola, C. Cagnin, K. Haegeman eds. IPTS, Seville, pp.115-116 (full paper to be published in Futures: FTA Special Issue).

23. Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2008). Reducing the Democratic Deficit in Institutional Foresight Programmes: A Case for Critical Systems Thinking in Nanotechnology, The 3rd International Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA): Impacts and implications for policy and decision making, Seville, October 16-17, X. Goenaga, P. Desruelle, T. Konnola, C. Cagnin, K. Haegeman eds. IPTS, Seville, pp.125-126 (full paper has been published in Technological Forecasting & Social Change: FTA Special Issue).

24. Saritas, O. and Aylen, J. (2008). Using Scenarios for Roadmapping: The case of clean production, The R&D Management Conference, Ottawa, June 17-21 (full paper published in Technological Forecasting & Social Change).

25. Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2008). Appreciation and Anticipation in the Evolution of the Nano-field – A Case for Systemic Foresight, International Conference on Managing the Uncertainty of Nanotechnologies – Challenges to Law, Ethics and Policy Making, Rovigo, May 22-23 (full paper published as a book chapter in in Technoscience in Progress: Managing the Uncertainty of Nanotechnology, eds: S. Arnaldi, A. Lorenzet, and F. Russo, IOS Press, Amsterdam).

26. Saritas, O. and Keenan, M. (2007). Tool Transfer, Appropriate Adaptation? The Use of Delphi in National Science and Technology Foresight Exercises, From Oracles to Dialogue; Exploring New Ways to Explore the Future, COST A22 Conference (CD: A065-T1), Athens, July 9-11.

27. Saritas, O., Pace, L., and Stalpers, S. (2007). Stakeholder Participation and Dialogue in Foresight, From Oracles to Dialogue: Exploring New Ways to Explore the Future, COST A22 Conference (CD: P042-T4), Athens, July 9-11 (Key-note paper).

28. Seidl da Fonseca, R. and Saritas, O. (2005). Instruments for Strategy and Policy: Modelling the structure of the policy-making on Science and Technology, 14th International Conference on Management of Technology, 22-25 May 2005, Vienna, Austria, UNIDO, Technology Paper Series, TPS 3/05.

29. Saritas, O. (2004). Systems thinking in Foresight: A systems analysis of British, Irish and Turkish Foresight Programmes, EU-US Scientific Seminar on New Technology Foresight, Forecasting and Assessment Methods, EC, IPTS, IAIA, 13-14 May, Seville. Published in the Conference Proceedings: New Horizons and Challenges for Future-Oriented Technology Analysis, F. Scapolo and E. Cahill, eds. IPTS, Seville, pp.44-64.

30. Saritas, O. (2004). Foresight – A critical view from a systems thinking perspective, Abstract, The Second International Conference on Organisational Foresight, University of Strathclyde Graduate School of Business, 26-28 August, Glasgow.

31. Saritas, O., Tas, E. and Kudde, E. (2002). Approaches to environmentally sensitive residence project in the post-earthquake reconstruction process at Degirmendere, Izmit, Proceedings of XXXIAHS World Congress on Housing: Housing Construction – An Interdisciplinary Task, Volume 2: Environmental and Sustainable Construction, Porto, pp. 949-959.

Official Reports

1. Shapira, P. and Saritas, O. (2010). Supporting the Upgrading of Small and Mid-Size Enterprises: International Experiences and Best Practices from Selected Countries, A report submitted to the World Bank as part of a project on the Development of SMEs in Turkey, (44 pages).

2. Saritas, O. (2009). COST Foresight 2030: Living the Digital Revolution, A research note for the COST IT Foresight 2030 workshop, (3 pages).

3. Saritas, O. (2008). UK Foresight Strategy, A report produced for the Global Forum: Foresight and Future Strategy, Korean National Information Society Agency, Seoul, November 13, (15 pages).

4. Saritas, O. (2006). Establishment of a Technology Foresight Regional Virtual Centre for CEE/NIS: A Business Plan, UNIDO RVC Service Unit, Budapest, (32 pages).

5. Cameron H, Georghiou L, Keenan M, Miles I and Saritas, O. (2006). Evaluation of the United Kingdom Foresight Programme, UK Office of Science and Innovation (92 pages).

Other Publications – Research

1.Saritas, O. (2011). Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Foresight Methods, A research paper produced for the Institute of Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) - Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscow.

2. Saritas, O. (2011). Systemic Foresight Methodology: Selection of Methods, Their Combination, Consistency and Succession of Use, A research paper produced for the Institute of Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) - Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscow.

3. Saritas, O. (2011). Foresight Typology: The Evolution of the Foresight Practice and Styles, A research paper produced for the Institute of Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) - Higher School of Economics (HSE), Moscow.

4. Saritas, O. (2010). Background paper on Cognitive Enhancement, A working paper produced for the FP7 SESTI project.

5. Saritas, O. (2008). Future Scenarios on the Renewable Energy Sector, A report produced for the BEFORE project, available at http://www.before-project.org

6. Saritas, O. (2008). Future Scenarios on the Automotive and Logistics Sectors, A report produced for the BEFORE project, available at http://www.before-project.org

7. Saritas, O. (2008). Future Scenarios on the Aeronautics Sector, A report produced for the BEFORE project, available at http://www.before-project.org

8. Saritas, O. (2007). The Renewable Energy Sector: Trends and Drivers,  A report produced for the BEFORE project, available at http://www.before-project.org

9. Saritas, O. (2007). The Aeronautics Sector: Trends and Drivers, A report produced for the BEFORE project, available at http://www.before-project.org

11. Saritas, O. (2007). The Transport Sector: Trends and Drivers, A report produced for the BEFORE project, available at http://www.before-project.org

12. Saritas, O. (2007). The Effects of Training and Development Activities on Employee Turnover: The Case of Turkish Insulation Sector, A research note for Yeditepe University, Management Application and Research Center, Istanbul http://yuvam.yeditepe.edu.tr/marc_research_note_0702.pdf  

13. Saritas, O. (2006). Technology for Industry’ Foresight: Kocaeli 2012, Foresight Brief no.77, on http://www.efmn.info/kb/efmn-brief77.pdf, The European Foresight Monitoring Network.

14. Saritas, O. (2006). Turkish S&T Vision 2023, Foresight Brief no.39, on http://www.efmn.info/kb/efmn-brief39.pdf, The European Foresight Monitoring Network.

15. Miles, I. and Saritas, O. (2005). Knowledge Intensive Business Services – What’s up with KIBS Nowadays, on http://www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/sector_futures.htm,  European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

16. Miles, I. and Saritas, O. (2005). Knowledge Intensive Business Services – KIBS’ Stuff: Trends and Scenarios, on http://www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/sector_futures.htm, European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

17. Miles, I. and Saritas, O. (2005). Knowledge Intensive Business Services – Policies, Issues and the Future of KIBS, on http://www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/sector_futures.htm, European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

18. Seidl da Fonseca, R. and Saritas, O. (2005). Instruments for Strategy and Policy: Modelling the structure of the policy-making on Science and Technology, 14th International Conference on Management of Technology, 22-25 May 2005, Vienna, Austria (UNIDO, Technology Paper Series, TPS 3/05).

19. Saritas, O. and Keenan, M. (2004). Policies and Actions for a Healthy Europe, on www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/publications/2004/ef041.pdf, European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

20. Saritas, O. and Keenan, M. (2004). Health and Social Services - Visions for the Future, on www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/publications/2004/sf_hss_2.pdf, European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

21. Saritas, O. and Keenan, M. (2004). The Future of Health and Social Services in Europe, on www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/publications/2003/sf_hss_1.pdf, European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

22. Keenan, M. and Saritas, O. (2004). Policy Responses to Post-2005 Challenges in Textiles and Clothing, on www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/publications/2004/ef04132en.pdf, European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

23. Keenan, M. and Saritas, O. (2004). Textiles and Clothing: a dying industry - or not?, on www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/publications/2004/ef04131en.pdf, European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

24. Keenan, M. and Saritas, O. (2004). Textiles and Leather in Europe: the end of an era or a new beginning?, on www.emcc.eurofound.eu.int/publications/2004/sf_1t_1.pdf, European Monitoring Centre for Change, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

Other media – Research

1. Saritas, O. (2009). Seeing the big picture: scans, networks and scenarios, Futures Analysts’ Network (FAN) Club October Newsletter, UK Government Horizon Scanning Centre, p.5.

2. Loveridge, D. and Saritas, O. (2004). Systems, Foresight and Law, Poster presented at the EU-US Scientific Seminar on New Technology Foresight, Forecasting and Assessment Methods, EC, IPTS, IAIA, 13-14 May, Seville. http://les.man.ac.uk/PREST/Download/Denis/systemsforesightlaw_wp42.pdf

Other media – Research equivalent

1. Saritas, O (2008). Hrvatska treba ulagati u obnovljive izvore energije i biotehnologiju, Nacional, no. 684, December 23 (In Croatian) Available at: http://www.nacional.hr/clanak/50466/hrvatska-treba-ulagati-u-obnovljive-izvore-energije-i-biotehnologiju

2. Saritas, O. The use of Foresight for industrial development, Kapital TV, Zagreb, December 17, 2008.

3. Saritas, O. What is Foresight?, HRT, Croatian National TV, Good Morning Croatia Programme, Zagreb, December 17, 2008.

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  Senior Research Fellow

Editor-in-chief Foresight journal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

Updated on: 11/08/13